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Work-Related Violent Deaths in the US Taxi and Limousine Industry 2003 to 2013

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Objective:

We describe the magnitude and distribution of violent work-related deaths among taxi and limousine drivers, a high-risk population.Methods:

We analyzed rates using the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) for all violent work-related deaths in the taxi and limousine industry from 2003 to 2013. We described demographics, work characteristics, and other injury details, examining temporal trends for nativity and race/ethnicity.
Results:

Men (adjusted rate ratio [RRadj] 6.1 [95% confidence interval [CI] 2.6–14.1]), blacks (RRadj 2.3 [95% CI 1.6–3.4]), Hispanics (RRadj 2.1 [95% CI 1.3–3.4]), and drivers in the South (RRadj 2.7 [95% CI 1.9–3.9]) had significantly higher fatality rates than comparison groups. Over time, the rates remained substantially higher compared with all workers.
Conclusions:

The taxi and limousine industry continues to face a disproportionately dangerous working environment. Recommended safety measures implemented uniformly by cities, companies, and drivers could mitigate disparities.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Morgantown, West Virginia (Dr Chaumont Menéndez, Dr Socias-Morales); and City University of New York Transportation Research Center, City College of New York, New York (Mr Daus). 2: Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Morgantown, West Virginia (Dr Chaumont Menéndez, Dr Socias-Morales); and City University of New York Transportation Research Center, City College of New York, New York (Mr Daus). 3: Division of Safety Research, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Morgantown, West Virginia (Dr Chaumont Menéndez, Dr Socias-Morales); and City University of New York Transportation Research Center, City College of New York, New York (Mr Daus).

Publication date: August 1, 2017

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