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Implementation of a Defecation Posture Modification Device

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Goals:

The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of defecation postural modification devices (DPMDs) on normal bowel patterns.

Background:

The introduction of DPMDs has brought increased awareness to bowel habits in western populations.

Materials and Methods:

A prospective crossover study of volunteers was performed that included real-time collection of data regarding bowel movements (BMs) for 4 weeks (first 2 wk without DPMD and subsequent 2 wk with DPMD). Primary outcomes of interest included BM duration, straining, and bowel emptiness with and without DPMD use.

Results:

In total, 52 participants (mean age, 29 y and 40.1% female) were recruited for this study. At baseline 15 subjects (28.8%) reported incomplete emptying, 23 subjects (44.2%) had increased straining, and 29 subjects (55.8%) noticed blood on their toilet paper in the past year. A total of 1119 BMs were recorded (735 without DPMD and 384 with DPMD). Utilizing the DPMD resulted in increased bowel emptiness (odds ratio, 3.64; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.78-4.77) and reduced straining patterns (odds ratio, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.18-0.30). Moreover, without the DPMD, participants had an increase in BM duration (fold increase, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.17-1.33).

Conclusions:

DPMDs positively influenced BM duration, straining patterns, and complete evacuation of bowels in this study.
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Keywords: bowel duration; bowel emptiness; defecation postural modification device (DPMD); straining patterns

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Internal Medicine 2: Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 3: Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Ohio State University Medical Center

Publication date: March 1, 2019

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