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Comparative Assessment of Patient Preferences and Tolerability in Barrett Esophagus Screening

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Goals:

To determine patient preference for the Barrett esophagus (BE) screening techniques.

Background:

Sedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (sEGD) and unsedated transnasal endoscopy (uTNE) are both potential techniques for BE screening. However, systematic assessment of patient preference for these 2 techniques is lacking. As part of a comparative effectiveness randomized trial of BE screening modalities, we measured short-term patient preferences for the following approaches: in-clinic uTNE (huTNE), mobile-based uTNE (muTNE), and sEGD using a novel assessment instrument.

Study:

Consenting community patients without known BE were randomly assigned to receive huTNE, muTNE, or sEGD, followed by a telephone administered preference and tolerability assessment instrument 24 hours after study procedures. Patient preference was measured by the waiting trade-off method.

Results:

In total, 201 patients completed screening with huTNE (n=71), muTNE (n=71), or sEGD (n=59), and a telephone interview. Patients’ preferences for sEGD and uTNE using the waiting trade-off method were comparable (P=0.51). Although tolerability scores were superior for sEGD (P<0.001) compared with uTNE, scores for uTNE examinations were acceptable.

Conclusions:

Patient preference is comparable between sEGD and uTNE for diagnostic examinations conducted in an endoscopy suite or in a mobile setting. Given acceptable tolerability, uTNE may be a viable alternative to sEGD for BE screening.
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Keywords: Barrett esophagus; esophageal adenocarcinoma; patient preferences; screening

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Divisions of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2: Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 3: Healthcare Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic

Publication date: November 1, 2018

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