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Cytomegalovirus Enterocolitis in Immunocompetent Young Children

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) causes significant morbidity and mortality in congenitally infected children and immunocompromised hosts. Among healthy individuals, CMV is generally thought to cause mild, self-limited illness. CMV enterocolitis, in particular, is rarely considered among immunocompetent children presenting with diarrhea. We describe 2 cases of invasive CMV colitis in immunocompetent infants presenting with diarrhea and review the literature to date on this topic. Although invasive CMV enterocolitis has been sporadically reported among immunocompetent children, it remains an underrecognized cause of infectious diarrhea in this population and indications for antiviral therapy are lacking. We propose that CMV should be included in the differential diagnosis of intractable diarrhea in immunocompetent children.
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Keywords: colitis; cytomegalovirus; enterocolitis; gastroenteritis; immunocompetent; pediatrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2016

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