Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Assessing Pain Anxiety in Adolescents

Buy Article:

$52.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Objectives:

Emotional responses to pain are known to play an important role in the development and maintenance of pain. To better understand the role that pain anxiety plays in chronic pain, as well as to evaluate treatments that might treat it effectively, reliable and valid measures of pain anxiety are needed. Thus, the aim of this study was to provide additional evidence regarding the psychometric properties of the Child Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale (CPASS) in a sample of adolescents.

Methods:

A total of 357 adolescents ages 12 to 19 years completed measures of pain anxiety (CPASS), pain-related catastrophizing (PCS-C), anxiety sensitivity (CASI), and sleep quality (NRS-Sleep). We used confirmatory factor analyses to evaluate the factor structure of CPASS items. We also tested the reliability and the validity of CPASS scores.

Results:

Confirmatory factor analyses suggested a 4-factor structure with a single higher-order factor (CFI=0.91, TLI=0.95, RMSEA=0.078). The total score of CPASS showed good internal consistency (α=0.87) and adequate validity as evidenced by (1) moderate to high correlations between CPASS-PCS-C (r=0.74, P<0.001) and CPASS-CASI (r=0.48, P<0.001) and (2) the magnitude of the correlations between CPASS-PCS-C and CPASS-CASI being significantly greater than that between CPASS and NRS-Sleep (z=14.70 and 8.96, respectively; P<0.001).

Discussion:

The findings support the reliability and the validity of CPASS as a measure of pain-related anxiety in adolescents.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: CPASS; adolescents; assessment; pain anxiety

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain—ALGOS, Department of Psychology, Research Center for Behavior Assessment (CRAMC), Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili 2: Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain—ALGOS, Department of Psychology, Research Center for Behavior Assessment (CRAMC), Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili 3: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 4: Unit for the Study and Treatment of Pain—ALGOS, Department of Psychology, Research Center for Behavior Assessment (CRAMC), Institut d’Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Pediatric Pain URV—Fundación Grünenthal, Catalonia, Spain

Publication date: December 1, 2016

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more