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Effects of febuxostat on platelet-derived microparticles and adiponectin in patients with hyperuricema

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Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMPs) and adiponectin play an important role in the development of atherothrombosis. We investigated the effect of febuxostat on circulating PDMP levels and adiponectin in hyperuricemic patients. Levels of PDMP and biomarkers were measured using an ELISA at baseline and after 2 and 6 months of treatment. Plasma levels of PDMPs and biomarkers were higher, while those of adiponectin were lower in hyperuricemic patients than in normouricemic controls. Uric acid and interleukin (IL)-6 levels decreased significantly in hyperuricemic patients after 2 months of febuxostat treatment. However, PDMP and biomarkers decreased significantly in hyperuricemic patients after only 6 months of febuxostat treatment and adiponectin increased significantly. These results suggest that the effects of febuxostat for PDMPs seen may be the effect on xanthine oxidase but not the decrease of uric acid, and febuxostat may be beneficial for primary prevention of atherothrombosis in hyperuricemic patients.
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Keywords: adiponectin; febuxostat; hyperuricemia; platelet-derived microparticle; sP-selectin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka 2: Division of Internal Medicine, Daiwa Hospital, Japan

Publication date: December 1, 2015

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