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Reactive Oxygen Species Responsible for the Enhanced Desorption of Dodecane in Modified Fenton's Systems

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The enhanced treatment of sorbed contaminants has been documented in modified Fenton's reactions; contaminants are desorbed and degraded more rapidly than they desorb by fill-and-draw or gas-purge desorption. The reactive species responsible for this process was investigated using dodecane as a model sorbent. Hydroxyl radical, hydroperoxide anion, and superoxide radical anion were generated separately to evaluate their roles in enhanced dodecane desorption. Dodecane desorption from silica sand over 180 minutes was negligible in gas-purge systems and in the hydroxyl radical and hydroperoxide anion systems. In contrast, enhanced desorption of dodecane occurred in superoxide systems, with >80% desorption over 180 minutes. Scavenging of superoxide eliminated the enhanced desorption of dodecane in both superoxide and modified Fenton's systems, confirming that superoxide is the desorbing agent in modified Fenton's reactions. Conditions that promote superoxide generation in Fenton's reactions may enhance their effectiveness for in situ subsurface remediation of sorbed hydrophobic contaminants.
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Keywords: Fenton's reagent; desorption; hydroperoxide anion; hydroxyl radical; superoxide

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2007

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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