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Polymer addition as a solution to Nocardia foaming problems

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In February 1994, The Terminal Island Treatment Plant experienced severe Nocardia foaming problems. Attempts to control foaming, such as lowering the MCRT and foam removal and wasting, met with limited success. In April 1994, a final clarifier cationic polymer injection system was used to combat poor settling activated sludge. After 3 days of polymer addition, foaming was eliminated. The effectiveness of the polymer as a Nocardia foam control agent was verified in subsequent foaming incidents by conducting the full-scale plant tests presented in this paper. Mechanisms are suggested for the action of the polymer in eliminating Nocardia foam. These include interaction with the foam-stabilizing surfactants present in the wastewater, and polymer flocculation of dispersed Nocardia filaments into the activated sludge floc.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 1997

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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