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A Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age Hilltop Enclosure with Evidence of Early and Middle Neolithic and Early Medieval Settlement at Carrog, Llanbadrig, Anglesey

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A small hilltop enclosure at Carrog, Llanbadrig, Anglesey, that had been identified from a crop mark on an aerial photograph was investigated by geophysical survey and subsequently evaluated by excavation. The enclosure was interpreted on typological grounds as a possible Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age defended site. The enclosure ditch was substantial, but there was no trace remaining of any accompanying bank. Within the enclosure were numerous post-holes and pits. Some of the latter proved to be hearths of Early Neolithic date and these have produced radiocarbon dates in the fourth millennium cal BC. The post-holes appeared to belong to structures from occupation of the enclosure, and dates from these and from the ditch showed that it was probably constructed about 800 cal BC and occupied until about 400 cal BC confirming the original interpretation. Late in its existence the ditch had been partially backfilled and a small building constructed within it, radiocarbon-dated to the eighth–ninth century cal AD.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • As a leading journal in the field of Celtic Studies and published annually by the University of Wales Press, Studia Celtica represents the highest quality research within language, literature, history and archaeology. It is an internationally refereed journal that includes articles, short notes and book reviews. Contributions are received from Celtic experts around the world – from the USA, Australia, Scotland, Ireland and France. The lead editor, Professor Dafydd Johnston, is Director of the University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies.

    Mae Studia Celtica, a gyhoeddir yn flynyddol gan Wasg Prifysgol Cymru, yn gylchgrawn awdurdodol ym maes Astudiaethau Celtaidd. Cynrychiola ymchwil o'r radd flaenaf ym meysydd iaith, llenyddiaeth, hanes ac archaeoleg. Mae'n gyfnodolyn rhyngwladol sy'n cynnwys erthyglau, nodiadau byr ac adolygiadau. Derbynnir cyfraniadau wrth arbenigwyr Celtaidd ledled y byd – o Unol Daleithiau'r America, Awstralia, Yr Alban, Iwerddon a Ffrainc. Y prif olygydd, Yr Athro Dafydd Johnston, yw Cyfarwyddwr Canolfan Uwchefrydiau Cymreig a Cheltaidd Prifysgol Cymru.

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