Relationship between laterality of foot strike and shot zone on penalty efficacy in specialist penalty takers
The purpose of this paper was to study the relationship between laterality of foot strike and shot zone on penalty efficacy in professional penal-tytaking specialist football players. A total of 514 penalty shots of national (Spanish) and international competitions in the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 seasons were analyzed. A descriptive and correlative intra- and inter-group design was used. The variables studied were: shot efficacy (goals, saves by the goalkeeper, hitting the goal post, and misses), foot used for strike, and shot zone. Descriptive and inferential analyses (Chi-Square Test and likelihood ratio) of the data were done. The following conclusions can be established from the results obtained: a) No significant differences in shot efficacy in relation to foot used in specialists were found; b) The specialist penalty takers obtained a goal in eight out of ten penalty shots; c) There was a tendency in right-footed players to shoot to a zone right of the goalkeeper and a tendency in left-footed players to shoot to a zone left of the goalkeeper; and d) There was a tendency in both right-footed and left-footed players to shoot to the low zones of the goal.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2007