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Relationship between laterality of foot strike and shot zone on penalty efficacy in specialist penalty takers

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The purpose of this paper was to study the relationship between laterality of foot strike and shot zone on penalty efficacy in professional penal-tytaking specialist football players. A total of 514 penalty shots of national (Spanish) and international competitions in the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 seasons were analyzed. A descriptive and correlative intra- and inter-group design was used. The variables studied were: shot efficacy (goals, saves by the goalkeeper, hitting the goal post, and misses), foot used for strike, and shot zone. Descriptive and inferential analyses (Chi-Square Test and likelihood ratio) of the data were done. The following conclusions can be established from the results obtained: a) No significant differences in shot efficacy in relation to foot used in specialists were found; b) The specialist penalty takers obtained a goal in eight out of ten penalty shots; c) There was a tendency in right-footed players to shoot to a zone right of the goalkeeper and a tendency in left-footed players to shoot to a zone left of the goalkeeper; and d) There was a tendency in both right-footed and left-footed players to shoot to the low zones of the goal.
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Keywords: LATERALITY; MATCH ANALYSIS; PENALTY; PERFORMANCE; SOCCER; SPECIALIST

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2007

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