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Competition analysis Of World Greco-Roman and World free-style wrestling championships.

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The aim of this study was to analyze the competitions of the 46th World Greco-Roman and in the 35th World Free-Style Championships, and to examine the technique values of the National Turkish Team as a case study. The Greco-Roman Championship was in the city of Patras in Greece at 6-9 December 2001. The Free-Style Championship was in Sofia at 21-25 December 2001. 334 Greco-Roman and 311 free-style fights were recorded and the analysis was done on these recordings. The pattern of winning, the finishing times, the technique numbers, the points and the passivity numbers of the whole and the classifying matches; the techniques that the Turkish Team used and applied were determined. For statistical analysis, ratio for one competition (ROC) for each parameter was calculated.

In these championships, most of the Greco-Roman and the free-style matches finished in official time and by points in all weight categories. Same status is validity for the Turkish team and the classifying matches. In the Greco-Roman wrestling, total 1317 techniques (R: 3.94) were applied and 2231 points (ROC: 6.67) were taken; 593 passivity (ROC: 1.77) and 114 tying salto (ROC: 0.34) were performed. In the free-style 1590 techniques (ROC: 5.11) were applied and 2376 points (ROC: 7.64) were taken; 296 passivity (ROC: 0.95) and 32 tying salto (ROC: 0.10) were performed. The Turkish Greco-Roman Wrestling Team applied 51 techniques (ROC: 2.42) took 84 points (ROC: 4.2) and exposed to 37 techniques (ROC: 1.76) gave 62 points (ROC: 3.1). The Turkish Free-Style Wrestling Team applied 70 techniques (ROC: 2.91) took 114 points (ROC: 4.75) and exposed to 53 techniques (ROC: 2.91) gave 73 points (ROC: 3.04). In the Greco-Roman and free-style classifying matches, respectively 54 (ROC: 3.37) and 66 (ROC: 4.12) techniques were applied; 88 points (ROC: 5.50) were taken in both style.

The most executed techniques were: gut wrench (29.62 %), tying salto (14.81 %) and counter to gut wrench (9.25 %) in the classifying Greco-Roman; leg tackle (36.36 %), gut wrench (16.66 %) and head drug (12.12 %) in the classifying free-style wrestling. The Turkish Greco-Roman Wrestling Team executed mostly gut wrench (33.33 %) and warning point (11.76 %); mostly exposed to gut wrench (21.62 %) and throw back (16.21 %). The Turkish Free-Style Wrestling Team executed mostly leg tackle (24.3 %) and gut wrench (20 %); exposed to mostly leg tackle (28.30 %), gut wrench (13.20 %) and double leg tackle (13.20 %).

Wrestlers chose to take points without risk, and to be successful it was necessary to take 8 points in Greco-Roman and 7 points in free-style for one competition. To win a competition it's important to apply and not expose to a technique. The National Turkish Greco-Roman Team was unsuccessful to apply a technique. National Turkish Free-Style Team didn't wrestle as offensively as their successful rivals. The case study enabled an analysis of the performanceof the team and recommendations to be made for improvements in future competitions.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2005

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