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A new species of the genus Psammogorgia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from the Hannibal Bank in Pacific Panama

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The octocoral faunas occurring at mesophotic depths (from 40 to 150 m) have been relatively unexplored. Recent expeditions to Hannibal Bank, a guyot seamount off Pacific Panama, have yielded new octocoral species and new records for the tropical eastern Pacific. Herein, we describe a new species for the genus Psammogorgia Verrill, 1868a, Psammogorgia pax sp. nov., characterized by having a whitish flabellate colony with orange polyp apertures, slightly raised and sparse calyces, and colorless coenenchymal sclerites (which are mostly spindles and large wart-clubs). A preliminary molecular phylogenetic analysis supports the differences between the new species with other congener and related taxa.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica. P.O. Box 11501- 2060, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, P.O. Box 0843-03092, Panama, Republic of Panama; Centro de Investigación en Estructuras Microscópicas, Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica;, Email: [email protected] 2: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, P.O. Box 0843-03092, Panama, Republic of Panama 3: Centro de Investigación en Estructuras Microscópicas, Universidad de Costa Rica, Costa Rica 4: Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Palaeontology and Geobiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universtität München, Richard Wagner Str. 10, 80333 Munich, Germany

Publication date: January 1, 2020

This article was made available online on September 20, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "A new species of the genus Psammogorgia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from the Hannibal Bank in Pacific Panama".

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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