Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Intensity differences in bioluminescent dinoflagellates impact foraging efficiency in a nocturnal predator

Download Article:
(PDF 816.9 kb)
Bioluminescence in dinoflagellates is thought to function as a “burglar alarm,” alerting visual predators to the presence of dinoflagellate grazers. However, many bioluminescent dinoflagellates, particularly those associated with harmful algal blooms (HABs), have a much lower bioluminescence capacity that seems less well-adapted for attracting the attention of distant secondary predators. The present study was motivated by a question regarding the impact of extreme differences in bioluminescence potential among dinoflagellates, particularly those with the capacity to form HABs. This study examined the function of bioluminescence in the bright emitter, Pyrocystis noctiluca (Murray, 1876), compared to the much dimmer HAB species, Lingulodinium polyedrum F. Stein (Stein 1883). The foraging efficiency of the nocturnal teleost, Apagon maculatus (Poey, 1860), was determined at a range of cell concentrations with both dinoflagellate species. At low cell concentrations of P. noctiluca, both the foraging efficiency and the orientation distance of the fish to the prey increased, indicating that bioluminescence functions as a burglar alarm. However, neither fish foraging efficiency nor orientation distance increased in the presence of luminescent L. polyedrum at low cell concentrations. At higher concentrations, the bioluminescence of L. polyedrum improved the foraging efficiency of the fish, but the orientation distance to the prey was no greater than with non-luminescent cells, indicating that at low cell concentrations, bioluminescence does not function as a burglar alarm in L. polyedrum. The role of bioluminescence as a possible aposematic signal in L. polyedrum is discussed, along with the implications for the role of bioluminescence in HAB dynamics.

44 References.

1 item.

No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2014

More about this publication?
  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more