Review of the Moray Eels (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae) of the Red Sea
We report on 32 species of moray eels (Muraenidae) from the Red Sea, of which the following 11 are new records: Enchelycore bayeri, Gymnothorax angusticauda, G. herrei, G. moluccensis, G. pindae, G. punctatofasciatus, G. reticularis, Muraena helena, Uropterygius makatei, U. microprerus, and U. nagoensis. Uropterygius genie, described as a new species from two specimens, is distinctive in its gill opening high on side of body, forward position of its eye (snout length 7.9–8.2 in head), five rows of teeth in jaws, the inner rows and vomerine teeth very long, 121 vertebrae, and uniform brown color. Muraena corallinus Klunzinger is placed in the synonymy of Gymnothorax buroensis (Bleeker), and G. cinerascens Rüppell in the synonymy of G. hepaticus (Rüppell). Previous records of G. meleagris Shaw from the Red Sea are misidentifications of G. buroensis or G. undulatus (Lacepède). The Red Sea records of G. afer Bloch and G. monochrous (Bleeker) are probable misidentifications of G. hepaticus.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 1995
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