Synopsis and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Pearlfish Subfamily Carapinae (Pisces: Carapidae)
Representatives of the pearlfish subfamily Carapinae are known from every ocean of the world except the Arctic Ocean. Four carapine genera are recognized: Echiodon, Onuxodon, Carapus and Encheliophis. The last contains the subgenera Encheliophis and Jordanicus. Members of the Carapinae share the following apomorphies: ossified interarcual element, reduced ventral process of posttemporal bone and loss of pleural ribs. A phylogenetic analysis indicates that Echiodon and Onuxodon are sister groups, which together form the sister group of Carapus and Encheliophis. The subfamily and its included genera are diagnosed, and a key to all carapid genera is provided.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 1984
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