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Free Content Synopsis and Phylogenetic Analysis of the Pearlfish Subfamily Carapinae (Pisces: Carapidae)

Representatives of the pearlfish subfamily Carapinae are known from every ocean of the world except the Arctic Ocean. Four carapine genera are recognized: Echiodon, Onuxodon, Carapus and Encheliophis. The last contains the subgenera Encheliophis and Jordanicus. Members of the Carapinae share the following apomorphies: ossified interarcual element, reduced ventral process of posttemporal bone and loss of pleural ribs. A phylogenetic analysis indicates that Echiodon and Onuxodon are sister groups, which together form the sister group of Carapus and Encheliophis. The subfamily and its included genera are diagnosed, and a key to all carapid genera is provided.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 1984

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  • The Bulletin of Marine Science is dedicated to the dissemination of high quality research from the world's oceans. All aspects of marine science are treated by the Bulletin of Marine Science, including papers in marine biology, biological oceanography, fisheries, marine affairs, applied marine physics, marine geology and geophysics, marine and atmospheric chemistry, and meteorology and physical oceanography.
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