A General Review of the Pearlfishes (Pisces, Carapidae)
Pearlfishes are tropical and subtropical teleosts which are free-living (Echiodon), commensal (Carapus, Onuxodon), or parasitic (Encheliophis, Jordanicus), living in association with shallow water invertebrate hosts, largely in coral-dominated communities. A review of the current status of knowledge related to the systematics, ecology, and behavior of this family is undertaken. Differentiation between parasitic and commensal (inquiline) life styles is discussed, as is sexual pairing, host entry, food habits (including cannibalism), and incidence within host. Host reaction is also presented, especially in relation to aspidochirote holothurians, which show no tendency toward evisceration or autolysis on host entry, but do react in this way to abnormal stress not associated with pearlfishes.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 1981
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