Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Anticipatory behaviour in animals: A critical review

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 156.9 kb)
 

This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

A number of studies have investigated anticipatory behaviour in animals as a measure of sensitivity to reward or as an expression of emotional state. A common feature of many studies is that they base inferences on seemingly arbitrary measures, for example, the frequency of behavioural transitions (ie number of times an animal switches between different behaviours). This paper critically reviews the literature and discusses various hypotheses for why specific behavioural responses occur in the anticipatory period between the signal and reward in conditioned animals. We argue that the specific behaviours shown may be the result of superstitious learning and thus highly variable, leaving behavioural transitions as the only response that can be scored consistently, and that sometimes these responses may relate more to frustration than to a positive emotional state. Finally, we propose new research approaches to avoid potential confounds and improve future studies on this topic.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: ANIMAL LEARNING; ANIMAL WELFARE; CLASSICAL CONDITIONING; FRUSTRATION; INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING; METHODOLOGY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2020

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more