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Open Access Renewable Additives that Improve Water Resistance of Cellulose Composite Materials

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Waste cardboard is an underutilized resource that can be redirected for the creation of safer and higher quality building materials for low-income housing in the developing world, as well as to produce better materials for indoor environments in developed-world contexts. Using a renewable biobased binder and benign additives, we have improved the water resistance of a cardboard-based composite material, overcoming one of the major barriers to scaling and adoption of this class of materials. Resistance to water uptake was significantly increased with several additives and was increased over 900-fold in the best case. Strength and water uptake over time are reported for a range of fatty acid-based additives and multiple cardboard feedstocks.
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Keywords: CELLULOSE COMPOSITE MATERIALS; GREEN CHEMISTRY; RENEWABLE BIOBASED ADDITIVES; WASTE VALORIZATION; WATER REPELLENCY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2017

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  • This journal publishes high quality peer reviewed original research and review articles on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. JRM showcases both fundamental aspects and applications of renewable materials. The fundamental topics include the synthesis and polymerization of biobased monomers and macromonomers, the chemical modification of natural polymers, as well as the characterization, structure-property relationships, processing, recycling, bio and environmental degradation and life cycle analysis of the ensuing materials, in view of their potential applications. Within this sustainability approach, green chemistry processes and studies falling within biorefinery contexts are strongly favored.
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