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Open Access Self-assembly Mechanisms in Plant Cell Wall Components

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This review on self-assembly in biological fibrous composites presents theory and simulation to elucidate the principles and mechanisms that govern the thermodynamics, material science, and rheology of biological anisotropic soft matter that are involved in the growth/self-assembly/material processing of these materials. Plant cell wall, a multi-layered biological fibrous composite, is presented as a model biological system to investigate self-assembly mechanisms in nature's material synthesis. In order to demonstrate the universality of the presented models and the mechanisms investigated, references to other biological/biomimetic systems are made when applicable. The integration of soft matter physics theories and models with actual biological data for plant cell walls provides a foundation for understanding growth, form, and function in biological material and offers a firm platform for biomimetic innovation.
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Keywords: BIOLOGICAL FIBROUS COMPOSITE; BIOMIMETICS; LIQUID CRYSTALS; PLANT CELL WALL; SELF-ASSEMBLY

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 01 March 2015

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  • This journal publishes high quality peer reviewed original research and review articles on macromolecules and additives obtained from renewable/biobased resources. Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, JRM introduces cutting-edge research on biobased monomers, polymers, additives (both organic and inorganic), their blends and composites. JRM showcases both fundamental aspects and applications of renewable materials. The fundamental topics include the synthesis and polymerization of biobased monomers and macromonomers, the chemical modification of natural polymers, as well as the characterization, structure-property relationships, processing, recycling, bio and environmental degradation and life cycle analysis of the ensuing materials, in view of their potential applications. Within this sustainability approach, green chemistry processes and studies falling within biorefinery contexts are strongly favored.
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