Precariousness among solo self-employed workers: a German–Dutch comparison
In this article we compare solo self-employment in Germany and the Netherlands. We identify parallels and differences in the structure of solo self-employment and examine to what extent self-employment is related to a precarious situation in terms of earnings and social security. The results show that solo self-employed workers are relatively vulnerable in terms of income and disability insurance in both countries. As compared to the Netherlands, German solo self-employed workers seem to have a higher risk of precariousness, particularly in terms of income and poverty in old age. The article concludes with recommendations for action that follow from the findings.
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Affiliations: 1: University of Amsterdam, Netherlands 2: Institute of Economic and Social Research, Germany and Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Appeared or available online: March 21, 2019