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Open Access Leaching remediation of heavy metal contaminated fluvio-aquatic soil with tea-saponin

For the purpose of investigating the possibility of tea-saponin on leaching remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil, the effect of tea-saponin on the removal of heavy metals from contaminated soil were analyzed by oscillation and soil leaching methods. The results showed that the concentrations of tea-saponin and the soil pH value had obvious effects on the removal efficiency of heavy metals. In the soil leaching experiment, 7% tea-saponin solution was used as flushing agents, the optimum conditions were as follows: pH value was 5.0±0.1, the ratio of soil to solution was 1:4. Then the removal efficiency could reach 6.74%, 42.38%, 13.07% and 8.75% for Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu, respectively. The removal efficiency of heavy metals was in a sequence of CdZnCuPb. After soil leaching by tea-saponin, heavy metals in acid-soluble fraction and oxide fraction were effectively removed, and the environment risk of heavy metals was decreased. It also shows that tea-saponin has great potentiality in leaching remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil.

Keywords: biosurfactant; heavy metals; leaching; remediation; soils; tea-saponin

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2009

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  • Transations of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering(TCSAE), founded in 1985, is sponsored by the Chinese Chemical Society. TCSAE has been indexed by EI Compendex, CAB Inti, CSA. TCSAE is devoted to reporting the academic developments of Agricultural Engineering mainly in China and some developments from abroad. The primary topics that we consider are the following: comprehensive research, agricultural equipment and mechanization, soil and water engineering, agricultural information and electrical technologies, agricultural bioenvironmental and energy engineering, land consolidation and rehabilitation engineering, agricultural produce processing engineering.

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