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Fast Double Selectivity Index-CFAR Detection Method for the Multi-Beam Echo Sounder

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Seafloor terrain and water column target detection is of great significance in marine surveys. However, the complex clutter environment can dramatically affect the detection performance of a multi-beam echo sounder. To simultaneously and robustly detect the seafloor terrains and water column targets, this paper proposes a fast two-dimensional double selectivity index-constant false alarm rate (DSI-CFAR) detection method. A two-dimensional cross sliding window, which includes reference cells and guard cells, is used in this paper. The proposed method improves the detection performance by using the appropriate clutter power level estimation strategies in different directions. An exponential model is accurately built by fitting various distributions, so the DSI-CFAR detection performance is greatly ameliorated. To reduce the computational load of the method, this paper uses a fast algorithm based on the global threshold. The region of interest (ROI) is selected by the preset global threshold, and the DSI-CFAR detector is only performed in the region of interest, which significantly reduces the number of pixels that must be calculated. In this paper, the measured results of different sliding windows and CFAR detection methods validate the basic performance of the proposed method.
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Keywords: fast CFAR algorithm; probability of false alarm; seafloor terrain and water column target detection; sonar imagery

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, China;

Publication date: January 2, 2020

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