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Estimation of Seabed Properties Using Ambient Noise from Shallow Water Sites of the Indian Continental Shelf

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In this study an attempt has been made to extract sediment geoacoustic properties using ambient noise measured from a vertical hydrophone array. Time series noise data recorded from three shallow water sites (Chennai, Cuddalore and Cochin) along the Indian continental shelf were used for the analysis. The compressional sound speed of sediment for all the sites was estimated from the vertical directionality of ambient noise. Using the value of the compressional sound speed remaining wave properties and material properties were deduced from the Grain-Shearing (G-S) theory of wave propagation in saturated granular media. The type of sediment extracted from the G-S theory correlates well with the results obtained from sieve and particle size analysis of grab samples, collected from all the sites. The study clearly shows the application of ambient noise in extracting environmental information in shallow water, and further applying it to improve sonar performance modeling.
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Keywords: Ambient noise; G-S model; beamforming; vertical directionality

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Ocean Acoustics, National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai, India

Publication date: 02 January 2016

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