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Biofuel Production from Catalytic Cracking of Palm Oil

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Palm oil, a renewable source, has been cracked at atmospheric pressure, a reaction temperature of 450°C, and a weight hourly space velocity of 2.5 h−1 to produce biofuel in a fixed-bed microreactor. The reaction was carried out over microporous HZSM-5 zeolite, mesoporous MCM-41, and composite micromesoporous zeolite as catalysts in order to study the influence of catalyst pore size and acidity over biofuel production. The products obtained were gas, organic liquid product, water, and coke. The organic liquid product was composed of hydrocarbons corresponding to gasoline, kerosene, and diesel boiling point range. The maximum conversion of palm oil, 99 wt%, and gasoline yield of 48 wt% was obtained with composite micromesoporous zeolite.
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Keywords: HZSM-5; biofuel; catalytic cracking; micromesoporous composite zeolite; palm oil

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, Seberang Prai Selatan Penang, Malaysia

Publication date: September 1, 2003

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