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Liquefied Petroleum Gas in Turkey's Energy Sources

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LPG (or LP gas) stands for liquefied petroleum gas. Choosing LPG as an energy source represents a valuable contribution to the ongoing fight to conserve energy and protect the environment. The main objective of the present study is to investigate the share of LPG in Turkey's energy sources by presenting its historical development. Since the beginning of the 1960s, LPG has been used as an alternative to city gas and kerosene in Turkey, while the first LPG use in cogeneration plants was in 1996 in Denizli, Turkey. The consumption of petroleum products in 2000 was 34 million tons, of which about 13.2% was accounted for by LPG. Only due to the price, LPG did not reach the desired position in cogeneration applications with a value of under 1%. However, autogas-LPG used as an automotive fuel has rapidly established itself in the country. The role of the government is also crucial for the sustained development of the LPG market in Turkey.
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Keywords: LP gas; LPG; Turkey; energy sources; fuel; liquefied petroleum gas

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Mechanical Engineering Department 5, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey

Publication date: May 1, 2003

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