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Adaptive Observer for Sensorless Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drives

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This paper develops a sensorless control method for nonsalient permanent magnet synchronous motor drives. The position and speed estimations are based on the back electromotive force (emf) estimation in α stator reference. Two equivalent solutions are developed to estimate the back emf (i.e., the adaptive filter technique), and alternatively, an extended disturbance observer, both being speed adaptive. The position estimation is computed directly from the back emf components. The speed estimation uses a model reference adaptive observer as a sinusoidal oscillator external synchronized by the back emf with (i) an amplitude adaptive correction speed depending, and (ii) a phase correction realized by an adaptive mechanism using a variable structure plus a proportional integral compensator. The speed sign is included. The speed and position observers can be independently tuned, and the estimations are robust to parameter deviations. A relatively large speed range of 1:100 is obtained. Extensive simulation results are given and discussed.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2002

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