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Monitoring of large-scale deformation in mining areas using sub-band InSAR and the probability integral fusion method

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The large-scale and rapid land subsidence that occurs in mining areas often leads to problems, such as densely spaced interference fringes and the temporal decorrelation of interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) interferograms. To solve these problems, sub-band InSAR is applied to monitor the large-scale deformation that occurs in mining areas. First of all, four different bandwidth images with three sub-band bandwidth parameters are used to extract simulated mining-induced subsidence with seven different deformation magnitudes. The results of the simulation experiment suggest the following conclusions. In monitoring subsidence with different deformation magnitudes using images with different bandwidths, an optimal monitoring value exists; wider image bandwidths lead to smaller optimal monitoring values and higher monitoring accuracies. Therefore, an appropriate sub-band bandwidth should be selected that depends upon the image bandwidth and the subsidence level to achieve optimal monitoring. The optimal sub-band bandwidth for monitoring subsidence of different magnitudes in mining areas is determined through simulation experiments, and these conclusions can provide a technical basis for selecting the appropriate sub-band bandwidth for the monitoring of subsidence in mining areas. Although sub-band InSAR can reduce the number of interference fringes and the difficulty of unwrapping, the simultaneous introduction of large amounts of noise leads to reduced monitoring precision, and the application of the probability integral method in the prediction of mine subsidence is more mature. Therefore, the combined use of sub-band InSAR and the probability integral fusion method to monitor mining-induced deformation is proposed in this paper. The probability integral method is used to perform noise peeling on the interferometric phases of the sub-bands to improve the monitoring accuracy of sub-band interferometry. Then, according to the results of the simulation experiment, the fusion method with the appropriate sub-band bandwidth parameters is applied to monitor the surface deformation associated with working face 52,304 from 2 December 2012 to 13 December 2012. Finally, the monitoring results are compared with the results of monitoring using conventional differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (D-InSAR) and global positioning system (GPS) field survey data. The results show that the reliability and accuracy of the fusion method are much better than those of conventional D-InSAR in monitoring the large-scale deformation that occurs at the edges of subsidence basins.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: NASG Key Laboratory of Land and Environment and Disaster Monitoring, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China 2: The Centre of Ningbo Alatu Digital Technology, Ningbo, China

Publication date: April 3, 2019

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