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INSAT-3D and MODIS retrieved sea surface temperature validation and assessment over waters surrounding the Indian subcontinent

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The INSAT-3D imager (4 km) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on-board Aqua and Terra space-platforms level-2 (1 km) sea surface temperature (SSTskin) product accuracy has been analysed over waters surrounding the Indian subcontinent by i ndirect comparison method using collocated bulk in-situ measurements (SSTdepth) for 3 years (October 2013–October 2016). Statistical results show that root mean square error of all the three satellites is in range of around 0.60–0.70°C. Retrieval error is found to be slightly more in case of validation against iQuam data set. INSAT-3D is showing more underestimation with bias ranging from about −0.16°C to −0.20°C than MODIS sensor having bias in range of about 0.06°C to −0.12°C. All the three missions are slightly underestimating over open-ocean with bias ranging in 0–0.17°C. INSAT-3D is significantly underestimating in-situ observations over the Arabian Sea (approximate bias = 0.27°C). Seasonal validation analysis reveals relatively high retrieval error during monsoon season than pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. MODIS sensor is showing significant underestimation during monsoon with bias ranging from approximately −0.29°C to −0.58°C. Overall, all the three missions are performing similarly well over the study area.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Calibration and Validation Division, Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation, Ahmedabad, India 2: Department of Environmental Science, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, India

Publication date: March 4, 2018

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