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Locally adaptive linear mixture model-based super-resolution land-cover mapping based on a structure tensor

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Super-resolution land-cover mapping (SRM) is a technique for generating land-cover thematic maps with a finer spatial resolution than the input image. Linear mixture model-based SRM (LSRM) is applied directly to a remotely sensed image and is composed of a spatial term that integrates the land-cover spatial pattern prior information, a spectral term that assumes that the spectral signature of each mixed pixel is composed of a weighted linear sum of endmember spectral signatures within that pixel and a balance parameter that defines the weight of the spatial term. The traditional LSRM adopts an isotropic spatial autocorrelation model in the land-cover spatial term for different classes and a fixed balance parameter for the entire image, and ignores the image local properties. The class boundaries are at risk of oversmoothing and may be imprecise, and the homogeneous regions may be unsmoothed and contain speckle-like artefacts in the result. This study proposes a locally adaptive LSRM (LA-LSRM) that integrates image local properties to predict fine spatial resolution pixel labels. The structure tensor is applied to detect the image local information. The LA-LSRM spatial term is locally adaptive and is composed of an anisotropic spatial autocorrelation model in which the spatial autocorrelation orientations of different classes may vary. The LA-LSRM balance parameter is locally adaptive to the different regions of the image. Such parameter obtains a relatively large value when the fine-resolution pixel is located in the homogeneous region to remove speckle-like artefacts and a relatively small value when the fine-resolution pixel is at the class boundary to preserve the edge. The LA-LSRM performance was assessed using a simulated multi-spectral image, an IKONOS multi-spectral image, a hyperspectral image produced by Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer and a hyperspectral image produced by reflective optics system imaging spectrometer. Results show that the homogeneous regions were smoothed, the boundaries were better preserved and the overall accuracies were increased by LA-LSRM compared with traditional LSRM in all experiments.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Estimate for Environment and Disaster of Hubei Province, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China 2: Institute of Technology Innovation, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, China

Publication date: December 16, 2016

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