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A study on measuring surface deformation of the L’Aquila region using the StaMPS technique

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This research compares two time-series interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) methods, namely persistent scatterer SAR interferometry (PS-InSAR) and small baseline subset (SBAS) to retrieve the deformation signal from pixels with different scattering characteristics. These approaches are used to estimate the surface deformation in the L’Aquila region in Central Italy where an earthquake of magnitude Mw 6.3 occurred on 6 April 2009. Fourteen Environmental Satellite (ENVISAT) C-band Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) images, covering the pre-seismic, co-seismic, and post-seismic period, are used for the study. Both the approaches effectively extract measurement pixels and show a similar deformation pattern in which the north-west and south-east regions with respect to the earthquake epicentre show movement in opposite directions. The analysis has revealed that the PS-InSAR method extracted more number of measurement points (21,103 pixels) as compared to the SBAS method (4886 pixels). A comparison of velocity estimates shows that out of 833 common pixels in both the methods, about 62% (517 pixels) have the mean velocity difference below 3 mm year−1 and nearly 66% pixels have difference below 5 mm year−1. It is concluded that StaMPS-based PS-InSAR method performs better in terms of extracting more number of measurement pixels and in the estimation of mean line of sight (LOS) velocity as compared to SBAS method.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India 2: Geographic Information System (GIS) Cell, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, Allahabad, India

Publication date: February 16, 2016

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