Surface solar radiation is found to have contributed significantly and positively to the record warming event in the south-central Pacific (SCP) that peaked in December of 2009. The SCP region is within a positive teleconnection pattern between sea surface temperature anomalies in the
equatorial Pacific and basin-wide surface solar radiation, as revealed by a 24-year time series; the pattern extends southeast from the western equatorial Pacific toward the SCP region. The results are consistent with the ‘atmospheric bridge postulation’ on El Niño teleconnection
with extratropical sea surface temperature anomalies, but with the extension to cloud cover and surface solar radiation over the mid-latitude southern oceans.
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Document Type: Research Article
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800, Pasadena, California, USA
Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
Publication date: July 18, 2014
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