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Validation of in situ wave spectrum with JONSWAP in the Indian Ocean

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The moored data buoys deployed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) are floating platforms designed to carry a specific suit of sensors to measure wave parameters. Waves are measured by the Motion Reference Unit (MRU), which outputs roll, pitch, compass, and heave. These data are recorded at a rate of 1 Hz for 17 minutes every three hours. For this study, wave measurements were carried out at two locations (deep and shallow water) over the same period. The wave spectra were generated from the hard disk data (roll, pitch, heave, and compass) of the moored buoys. A Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) program was developed for generating the wave spectrum using the hard disk data. The spectrum exhibits significant features for deep- and shallow-water buoys. In a single peak spectrum the dominant peaks are observed at 0.08 and 0.1 Hz and the multi-peak spectrum energy is distributed over a wide range, from 0.05 to 0.25 Hz. The buoy spectra were compared to the Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP) spectrum in deep- and shallow-water locations in the Bay of Bengal, and also the deep-water buoy spectrum was compared to the wave model (WAM) output spectrum in the Arabian Sea. The JONSWAP spectrum mostly conforms to the buoy spectrum in regard to marine wind conditions.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai, India

Publication date: July 18, 2014

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