In an image fusion process, the spatial detail in a panchromatic pixel is injected into the corresponding n-band multispectral (MS) subpixel to yield a synthetic pixel. The synthetic pixel can be regarded as the sum of three terms: the MS subpixel, a shift term, and a product of the spatial detail and an n-dimensional (n-D) spectral change vector. In this paper, the spectral change vector directions in some current image fusion methods are characterized and classified. As the spectral development of subpixels with the improvements in spatial resolution in imaging is analogous to the spectral change of MS subpixels with the improvements in spatial resolution in image fusion, the former is used as a reference to examine the spectral change vector directions in the current image fusion methods. Moreover, image haze and unmixing of mixed MS subpixels are highlighted as two aspects needing attention for further improvement in fusion quality.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Earth and Space Science and Engineering, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Department of Earth and Space Science and Engineering, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada,State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
Publication date: March 1, 2011
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