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Integrating visible, near-infrared and short-wave infrared hyperspectral and multispectral thermal imagery for geological mapping at Cuprite, Nevada: a rule-based system

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Previous research has shown that integrating hyperspectral visible and near-infrared (VNIR) / short-wave infrared (SWIR) with multispectral thermal infrared (TIR) data can lead to improved mineral and rock identification. However, inconsistent results were found regarding the relative accuracies of different classification methods for dealing with the integrated data set. In this study, a rule-based system was developed for integration of VNIR/SWIR hyperspectral data with TIR multispectral data and evaluated using a case study of Cuprite, Nevada. Previous geological mapping, supplemented by field work and sample spectral measurements, was used to develop a generalized knowledge base for analysis of both spectral reflectance and spectral emissivity. The characteristic absorption features, albedo and the location of the spectral emissivity minimum were used to construct the decision rules. A continuum removal algorithm was used to identify absorption features from VNIR/SWIR hyperspectral data only; spectral angle mapper (SAM) and spectral feature fitting (SFF) algorithms were used to estimate the most likely rock type. The rule-based system was found to achieve a notably higher performance than the SAM, SFF, minimum distance and maximum likelihood classification methods on their own.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, PA, USA 2: West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2010

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