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Determination of ocean primary productivity using support vector machines

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A major task of ocean colour observations is to determine the distribution of phytoplankton primary production. At present, the global coverage of the sea surface chlorophyll concentration, sea surface temperature, photosynthetically available radiation (PAR) can nominally be achieved every 1 to 2 days with standard algorithms from satellite data. From these standard products, a variety of bio-optical algorithms has been developed to estimate ocean primary productivity. In this communication, we have investigated the possibility of using a novel universal approximator-support vector machine (SVM) as the nonlinear transfer function between ocean primary productivity and the information that can be retrieved from satellite data, including chlorophyll concentration, PAR, maximum carbon fixation rate and day length, which is the same as the vertically generalized production model (VPGM). The VGPM dataset was used to evaluate the proposed approach. The primary production algorithm round robin 2 (PPARR2) dataset was used to further compare the precision between the VGPM and the SVM model. The results suggest that the SVM model is more accurate than the VGPM. Using the SVM model to calculate the global ocean primary productivity, the result is 45.5 Pg C yr-1, which is a little higher than the VGPM result.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: LED, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China,Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 2: LED, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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