The Kashmir earthquake of 8 October 2005 that epicentred 10 km northeast of Muzaffarabad town caused widespread slope failures (landslides) extending from Balakot in the northwest to Khudpura in the southeast through Muzaffarabad and Kuroli, with the slides concentrated mostly along the river valley. The southeasterly (sun-facing) hill slopes were affected predominantly. These landscape changes and the sudden increase in turbidity in the Neelam River have been delineated on earth-observing satellite data. The occurrence of the landslides is observed linearly along a NW-SE line extending for about 40 km in and around the epicentral zone. From the damage pattern it is deduced that this linear zone might be the maximum displaced block during the earthquake, generated by reverse thrusting.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttaranchal, India
Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttaranchal, India
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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