Integration of Landsat imagery interpretation and geomagentic data on verification of deep‐seated transverse fault lineaments in SE Zagros, Iran
In this paper, Landsat images are used in the mapping of transverse fault lineaments in Zagros, Iran, and the origin of the fault lineaments as the result of basement reactivation faults is examined using geomagnetic maps. The area under investigation is located in the SE part of the Zagros Fold Belt (ZFB) and was affected by influence of concealed faults, or fault lineaments, during the late Alpine Zagros orogeny. Image interpretation of geological structures such as curvilinear geometry of fold hinges, en echelon pattern of surficial lineaments and younger folds, and breached salt plugs, has been used to map the fault lineaments. Two sets of strike‐lateral transverse fault lineaments have been detected. The first set, NW‐trending, was identified by right lateral curved geometry of the main fold hinges, generation of younger folds, and en echelon pattern of surficial lineaments. The second set, NE‐trending, was verified based on left lateral displacement of the structures and alignment of salt plugs pierced anticline hinges. The placement of Upper Proterozoic salt plugs on the surface along the fault lineaments, together with their correlation with the magnetic‐driven lineaments, implies that the fault lineaments have a basement origin. The trend of these fault lineaments can be correlated with the trend of basement faults in the northern margin of the Arabian plate. The key result of this study is that the fault lineaments identified by integration of remotely sensed data and geomagnetic maps are generated as first order wrench faults by reactivation of the N–S‐trending basement faults. The thick Hormoz Salt formations overlaying the basement do not allow the fault lineaments to emerge at the surface. Therefore, they can be mapped through regional remote sensing and their basement origin can only be recognized by their correlation with magnetic faults. It is also concluded that satellite imagery can greatly contribute to the structural mapping of the ZFB and is therefore a valuable aid for oil and gas exploration in analogous tectonic environments.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Geology, Tarbiat Modares University, PO Box 14115‐175, Tehran, Iran
Publication date: October 20, 2006