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Neural network application for cloud detection in SPOT VEGETATION images

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SPOT VEGETATION is a recent sensor at 1 km resolution for land surface studies. Cloud detection based on this sensor is complicated by the absence of a thermal band. An artificial neural network was thus trained for the cloud detection on atmospherically corrected S1 daily data and on top of the atmosphere reflectance P data, from the SPOT VEGETATION system. It consists of a multi-layer perceptron with one hidden sigmoid layer, trained with the Levenberg–Marquardt back-propagation algorithm and generalized by the Bayesian regularization. Two neural networks allowed optimal cloud detections to be obtained. The first used all four bands of S1 data with 13 hidden nodes, and the second employed all four bands of P data with 11 hidden nodes. The multiple-layer perceptrons lead to a cloud detection accuracy of 98.0% and 97.6% for S1 and P data, respectively, when trained to map three predefined values that classify cloud, water and land. The network was further evaluated using three SPOT VEGETATION images taken at different dates. The network detected not only bright thick clouds but also thin or less bright clouds. The analysis demonstrated the superior classification of the network over the standard cloud masks provided with the data.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Geomatic Sciences, Centre de Recherche en Géomatique, Université Laval, Québec (Québec), Canada G1K 7P4 2: Department of Civil Engineering, Université Laval, Québec (Québec), Canada G1K 7P4 3: Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre‐European Commission, T.P. 440, I‐21020 Ispra‐VA, Italy

Publication date: 20 February 2006

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