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Comparison between field measurements and airborne visible and infrared mapping spectrometry (AVIRIS and HyMap) of the Ronda peridotite massif (south-west Spain)

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The high spectral resolution of Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS; 224 channels from 400 to 2455 nm) and HyMap (127 channels between 437 and 2485 nm) images is necessary to conduct geological analysis with remote petrological determinations of rock types or soils, or to determine vegetation groups. When airborne images and field spectra are well adjusted between each other, and when the vegetation does not interfere in the analysis, the spectral shape analysis (SSA) method represents an easy treatment to reveal a large amount of geological information. The method presented in the paper takes into account both wells and peaks of spectra resulting from a combination of absorption features and continuum shapes. It was conducted on the Ronda peridotite, in the south-west of Spain, which was imaged by AVIRIS in 1991 and by HyMap in 2000, and which was partially sampled in the field using a GER 3700 spectrometer in 1997, 2000 and 2001.

In this study, the AVIRIS and HyMap images are processed to infer geological features using first photo-interpretation of colour composite images and then using the SSA method. This allows us to distinguish easily the peridotite massif from its surrounding rocks, to identify petrological variations inside the peridotite, including different varieties of serpentines, but also inside the surrounding rocks, particularly the carbonate-bearing ones which comprise marbles and dolomites.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Dpto Geodynamica Universidad del Pais Vasco Aptdo 644 48 080 Bilbao Spain, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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