This paper presents a concept design of an envisioned future intelligent Earth observing satellite (FIEOS) system. The proposed system is a space-based architecture for the dynamic and comprehensive on-board integration of Earth observing sensors, data processors and communication systems. The architecture and implementation strategies suggest a seamless integration of diverse components into a smart, adaptable and robust Earth observation satellite system. It is intended to enable simultaneous, global measurements and timely analyses of the Earth's environment for a variety of users. In particular, common users would directly access data in a manner similar to selecting a TV channel. We also discuss key technology problems, current technology development, amongst other things. It is concluded that (1) the proposed intelligent Earth observing satellite system is technically feasible; and (2) information technology and real-time information systems, for example multi-layer satellite networks connected with an organic system and on-board data processor capabilities, are crucial for implementation of the intelligent system. This revolutionary concept should dramatically impact on how Earth observing systems develop and conduct missions in the future.
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Document Type: Research Article
Old Dominion University College of Engineering and Technology Kaufman Hall, Rm. 214 Norfolk VA 23529 USA, Email: [email protected]
Research Division NASA Office of Earth Science, NASA HQ - Mail Code YS Washington DC 20546 USA
Earth Sciences Directorate, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt Maryland 20771 USA
Institute of Remote Sensing Application Chinese Academy of Science, Datun Rd. P.O. Box 9718 Beijing 100101 China
Publication date: July 1, 2004
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