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Analysis of VNIR (400-1100 nm) spectral signatures for estimation of soil organic matter in tropical soils of Thailand

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The widely available laboratory spectrometers detect targets at spectral regions restricted to visible and near-infrared (VNIR). The spectral response of soils in this region is predominantly featureless and obstructs the exploitation of absorption features as diagnostic criterion. In this study, polynomial based modelling was developed as an alternative method of estimating soil organic matter (OM) from VNIR spectral region. Forty-one core samples, collected from Lop Buri, Thailand, were subjected to chemical and radiometric analysis. Computations were made across four categories of synthesized bandwidths. The selection procedure identified bands at 960, 1100 and 520 nm as OM sensitive. The widening interval of bandwidth has corresponded with diminishing predictive power, termed 'bandwidth decay effect'. The use of polynomial models and their validations showed a higher performance than the analysis made with multiple regressions analysis. The polynomial based approach offers a fresh opportunity for modelling other non-photoactive soil nutrient parameters. Furthermore, it may form the basis for integration of spectrometers and satellite sensors, aimed at mapping of non-vegetated soils.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Space Technology Applications and Research (STAR) Program, Asian Institute of Technology Thailand

Publication date: February 1, 2004

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