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Application of stereoscopic satellite images for studying Quaternary tectonics in arid regions

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We introduce a flexible method for creating stereoscopic pairs of images from any interesting sub-area of the same scene of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM)/Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS)-1C Pan remote sensing data by setting the Z scale. As a test of this method, stereoscopic images were used to study Quaternary deformation along the Tian Shan Orogenic Belt, north-west China. The new stereoscopic images can then provide detailed information of Quaternary deformation structures, including spatial distribution and arrangement pattern of fold structures, fault scarps and displacement of alluvial fans, terraces and drainage systems along active faults, in three dimensions. The strike-slip partitioning has been revealed by interpretation of stereoscopic images within Chinese Tian Shan. Structural interpretations derived from stereoscopic analysis were confirmed to a high degree of accuracy during a subsequent field study. The satellite remote sensing stereoscopic technique is an effective method of analysing Quaternary tectonic deformation in remote arid to semi-arid regions such as the Tian Shan.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Lanzhou Institute of Geology Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou 730000 People's Republic of China 2: Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science Shizuoka University Shizuoka 422-8529 Japan

Publication date: February 1, 2004

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