Agreement assessment of NOAA/AVHRR NDVI with Landsat TM NDVI for mapping burned forested areas
Meteorological satellites are appropriate for operational applications related to early warning, monitoring and damage assessment of forest fires. Environmental or resources satellites, with better spatial resolution than meteorological satellites, enable the delineation of the affected areas with a higher degree of accuracy. In this study, the agreement of two datasets, coming from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (NOAA/AVHRR) and Landsat TM, for the assessment of the burned area, was investigated. The study area comprises a forested area, burned during the forest fire of 21-24 July 1995 in Penteli, Attiki, Greece. Based on a colour composite image of Landsat TM a reference map of the burned area was produced. The scatterplot of the multitemporal Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) images, from both Landsat TM and NOAA/AVHRR sensors, was used to detect the spectral changes due to the removal of vegetation. The extracted burned area was compared to the digitized reference map. The synthesis of the maps was carried out using overlay techniques in a Geographic Information System (GIS). It is illustrated that the NOAA/AVHRR NDVI accuracy is comparable to that from Landsat TM data. As a result NOAA/AVHRR data can, operationally, be used for mapping the extent of the burned areas.
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