Aspects of operational atmospheric correction of hyperspectral imagery
The large number of spectral bands of hyperspectral instruments and the time required for the calculation of atmospheric look-up tables and the reflectance image cube pose very challenging requirements on an operational processing facility. This contribution presents some aspects and suggestions to reduce the processing time. Essential components are a precalculated database with a reduced number of spectral bands, an interactive phase to determine the appropriate atmospheric parameters, and a choice between medium and high accuracy levels for the atmospheric correction. The medium accuracy levels work with look-up tables for a reduced number of spectral bands employing interpolation for the channels omitted in the look-up tables. The high accuracy level uses tables for all channels and includes the scan angle dependence of the atmospheric radiance and transmittance functions. These ideas were successfully implemented and tested during several airborne hyperspectral campaigns resulting in an estimated time saving of a factor 3-7. The deviations of field measured reflectance spectra and spectra retrieved from airborne HyMap imagery are in the range of 2-3% or better.
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