Laboratory reflectance (0.4-2.5 m) spectra of 41 samples of metamorphic rocks from the Precambrian basement of Madagascar were analysed on the basis of absorption band position and shape, and classified on the basis of recurrent associations of absorption bands. Petrographic analyses allowed us to interpret the absorption features in compositional terms. Spectral and petrographic classes coincided when the principal mineralogy was also spectrally dominant (e.g. in carbonate rocks). When the principal mineralogy did not produce diagnostic spectral features (e.g. in siliceous rocks in the visible-short wave infrared region), the classification was based on spectrally dominant secondary phases. The reflectance spectra were measured on both freshly cut and exposed surfaces of the samples. Apart from a few cases of spectral features obliteration due to kaolinization, or overall albedo change related to texture variation, the two sets of spectra did not significantly differ. The responses of airborne MIVIS and AVIRIS hyperspectral sensors were simulated from spectra representative of the spectral classes, showing that significant identification and classification of well exposed metamorphic rocks are potentially possible using remote instruments providing high quality spectra. Although at present there are no plans for a spaceborne instrument of this quality, TM simulations and band composite images showed that a preliminary gross discrimination of the rocks belonging to the different classes was however possible.
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Document Type: Research Article
Dipartimento di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Universita' degli Studi di Padova, C.so Garibaldi 37, 35137 Padova, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Universita' degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 157/A, 43100 Parma, Italy
December 15, 2001
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