Effect of WiFS viewing geometry on crop reflectance: a simulation study using SAIL model
The Wide-Field Sensor (WiFS) on board Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS-1C, IRS-P3 and IRS-1D) has a wide swath (~810 km) and is thus able to provide high repetivity (5/3 days) data acquired from different orbits. The impact of variable viewing geometry from WiFS on crop reflectance was investigated for Delhi (77.2°E and 28.58°N) for all 122 possible acquisitions by IRS-1C during 1997. Using the SAIL simulation model, top-of-canopy red and near-infrared reflectances were simulated for partial and closed crop canopies over soils of different brightness. Results show significant variations in red and near-infrared reflectances. The effects are higher in partial canopies, and they are observed in Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) also. For partial canopy, the seasonal variations with solar zenith angle are also significant. For closed canopy, these variations are less, and computed NDVI is relatively insensitive to viewing geometry.
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