A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed ocean colour (MERIS instrument): principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones
A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of satellite ocean colour observations is described. This algorithm, precisely designed for the MERIS instrument, globally assesses the combined contributions of aerosols and molecules to the multiple scattering regime. The approach was introduced in a previous work, where it was shown that, for a given aerosol, multiple scattering effects can be assessed through the relationship between the aerosol optical thickness and the relative increase in the path radiance that results from the progressive introduction of this aerosol within an aerosol-free atmosphere. Based on considerations about the accuracy to which the water-leaving radiances should be retrieved, the need to account for multiple scattering is argued. The principle of the algorithm is then presented, and tests and sensitivity studies (especially as regards aerosol type and vertical distribution) are performed to assess its performance in terms of errors on the retrieved water-leaving reflectances and pigment concentrations. The algorithm is able to perform the correction for atmospheres carrying several aerosol types, including absorbing ones, through their identification in the near-infrared, and through the detection of their absorption by means of appropriate assumptions on the marine signals at 510 and 705nm.
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