Shallow water bathymetry using integrated airborne multi-spectral remote sensing
An integrated low cost airborne multi-spectral remote sensing system is described and evaluated for remote sensing for shallow water bathymetry. The system consists of: two 35mm motor driven reconnaissance cameras using colour and colour infrared film. Three optically filtered (including removable internal IR cut-off filters), electronically shuttered CCD progressive scan cameras (Sony XC-7500) integrated into an airborne direct digital recording system using a PC processor, a 32-bit RGB analogue to digital conversion card and Zip disk storage. Two CCD based imaging spectrometers providing approximately 10nm bandwidth spectral data across the CCD spectrum (400nm to 1000nm). These CCD cameras were used with a variable interference filter fixed in front of the sensor surface. This provided a 'rainbow' image of the ground varying across the image from 400nm to 700nm (visible) and 700nm to 1000nm. Field studies were undertaken to evaluate the performance of digital multi-spectral (DMV) imagery, supplementary reconnaissance photography (SRP) and VIFIS imaging spectrometry for mapping shallow water bathymetry. The results indicate good performance in shallow water and suggest that with further refinement the system could be used to give a quick comprehensive estimate of shallow water depths
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