Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Technical note The discrimination of scenes by principal components analysis of multi-spectral imagery

Buy Article:

$60.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The potential limitations for reduction of Landsat 5 TM data by principal components analysis (PCA) were studied, using images of two different landscapes at Parai ba, northeast Brazil (coastal/urban and inland/agricultured scenes). Standardized counts were considered for six bands in the solar spectrum. Basic correlation matrices needed for principal axes definition were built by sampling of 1500-3000 pixels. It was found that the use of some simple concepts of factor analysis (Varimax rotation and 'correlation circles') allows the detection of redundant channels in different types of scene. Up to three original variables appeared as non-redundant, and only two principal components were enough to identify main field patterns. When using two principal components and simple clustering methods (e.g., supervised minimal euclidean distance), various types of vegetated landscapes could be discriminated, with quality similar to that obtained by using all six wavebands. These results show that factor analysis in principal components clearly allows to define a minimal set of non-redundant channels (or of principal components), proper for discrimination studies, such that no further data reduction would proceed. Factor analysis procedures allied with simple computational programs offer a powerful means of scene discrimination.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 20, 1997

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more