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What makes a liquid crystal? The effect of free volume on soft matter

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In this article, we probe the formation of liquid crystal and soft crystal phases as a consequence of minimising the free volume of the system either through design engineering of molecular shape or through deformation of molecular architecture. Following this concept, a number of realisations were made, for example, smectic A phases with variable layer spacing, smectic C phases without layer shrinkage, lattices of free space and fibres in NTB phases.

Keywords: NTB; free volume; liquid crystal; smectic; soft crystal; soft matter

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Chemistry, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, UK

Publication date: June 3, 2015

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